- dive into /dahyv IN-too/
- nonconformist /non-kuhn-FAWR-mist/
- Hellenistic /hel-uh-NIS-tik/
- stoicism /STOH-uh-siz-uhm/
- contentment /kuhn-TENT-muhnt/
[phrasal verb] – to explore an issue in great detail
The students were excited to dive into the history of the Japanese language.
[noun] – someone who lives and thinks in a way that is different from other people
She grew up in a nonconformist household, so her way of thinking is a little different.
[adjective] – of or relating to the history, art, etc. of ancient Greece and other countries of the Eastern Mediterranean, especially during the 4th to the 1st century BC
My brother is doing research and a study on the Hellenistic period.
[noun] – the quality of experiencing pain or trouble without complaining or showing your emotions
Suzy deals with her problems with stoicism.
[noun] – happiness and satisfaction, often because you have everything you need
Wealth does not always bring contentment.
Modern minimalism started in the 20th century, but the root of the philosophy dates to about 2,500 years back. Diogenes of Sinope is believed as the original nonconformist of living a normal life. A man who traveled from Turkey to Athens, Greece, he has nothing in possession except for three things: a cloak, a walking stick, and a leather pouch (what was inside was unknown, given he has no money). Instead of staying inside an actual shelter with walls and roofs, Diogenes took a rain barrel as his home. 3rd century BC came and the Hellenistic philosophy of Stoicism became known. This philosophy explains the “endurance of pain or hardship without the display of feelings and without complain.” This simply means minimalism is living a simple life equates to happiness. The book “Outer Order, Inner Calm” corresponds to this philosophy. According to the author of the book, Gretchen Rubin, a simple act can make a person’s day start right. One of the people she interviewed even said, “I finally cleaned out my fridge – now I know I can change my career too.”
So what is minimalism? Is it a philosophy British artist Michael Landy believes that destroying material things can save our planet? Or is it the art of organizing created by Marie Kondo that determines which method “sparks joy” or not? Despite the differences in concept, nearly all of them have one factor in common: contentment. How about you? What does minimalism mean to you?
- It is said that minimalism means living “less.” Do you agree with this? Please explain your answer.
- Please share your thoughts about the Hellenistic philosophy of Stoicism.
- What does “contentment” mean to you?
- Do you consider yourself a minimalist? Please tell me more about it.
- What do you think can you learn from living a minimalist lifestyle?
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