- Do you own any accessories?
- Are accessories expensive in your country?
- gem /jem/
- communicate /kuh-MYOO-ni-keyt/
- personal /PUR-suh-nl/
- anniversary /an-uh-VUR-suh-ree/
- recycle /ree-SAHY-kuhl/
[noun] – a precious stone, esp. when cut into a regular shape; jewel
Ruby is my favorite gem.
[verb] – to give messages or information to others through speech, writing, body movements, or signals
We usually communicate by SNS.
[adjective] – private or relating to someone’s private life
He doesn’t like talking about his personal life.
[noun] – the day on which an important event happened in a previous year
Today is my parent’s 20th wedding anniversary.
[verb] – to use something again for a different purpose
She recycles empty tins to use as metal.
Many—such as merchants and lovers—have taken advantage of the gemstones’ “powers.” Each stone has different meanings. For example, moonstones are thought to be used to communicate with the gods. Diamonds have powers over love and health, but they can also be used as poison. Kings and emperors use pearls to show their authority and power. Pliny the Elder, a Roman philosopher and writer, wrote that Cleopatra melted a pearl in vinegar to impress Marc Anthony. Now, interests in jewelry and gemstones have become more and more “personal.” English jeweler Vicki Ambery-Smith once had a client who requested her to make a ring to celebrate her 10th wedding anniversary. The ring was created based on where her customer was married, her house, and even her car. It was also common for the early people to recycle jewelry. English General Oliver Cromwell recycled the late King Charles I’s crown jewels into coins with the words “Commonwealth of England.”
According to another English jeweler, Esther Eyre, jewelry has become the “ultimate in recycling.” She said it’s interesting to know that pieces of gold used in modern jewelry may have possibly come from Ancient Egyptians. To us, jewelry are just simple “accessories,” but they hold much more meaning than what we think they have.
True or False:
- In Ancient Greece, people believed that onyx are from Venus’ fingernails.
- Each gemstone has the same meaning.
- Diamonds, aside from their healing powers, can also be used as poison.
- Vicki Ambery-Smith is an American jeweler.
- According to Eyre, jewelry has become the “ultimate in recycling.”
Fill in the blanks:
- My parents used to _______ through letters.
- The novel he wrote is based on his _______ life.
- Which do you _______? Paper or plastic?
- The _______ are on sale today. Which do you want to buy?
- Tomorrow will be our school’s 15th _______.