- What kinds of disasters have you already experienced in your area?
- What causes flooding?
- climate change /KLAHY-mit cheynj/
- soak /sohk/
- severe /suh-VEER/
- surface /SUR-fis/
- era /EER-uh/
[noun] – changes in the world’s weather, in particular the fact that it is believed to be getting warmer as a result of human activity increasing the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
There is growing concern about climate change.
[verb] – to make something very wet, or of a liquid to be absorbed
The clothes should soak for a quarter before washing.
[adjective] – causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, damage, etc.; very serious
A severe snowstorm blocked up railroads.
[noun] – the outer or top part or layer of something
The moon’s surface is pocked with small craters.
[noun] – a period of time of which particular events or stages of development are typical
The moon landing introduced a new era in space exploration.
Critical public infrastructure, such as transportation networks and hospitals, can be harmed by floods. Some hospitals in London had to force patients to evacuate after losing power. This form of “surface water” flooding is more frequent in metropolitan locations because of the presence of hard surfaces such as paved front gardens, highways, parking lots, and high streets. When it rains, unlike in the countryside, it does not soak into the earth. An example was observed in July, when Storm Elsa devastated New York City, flooding the subway system.
“If the street drains can’t handle the water, it pours over the curb and makes things worse,” Sarah Feinberg, president of the city’s transportation authority, explained. Water had crept into the subway vents and down the stairwell, she said. Many countries, including much of the United Kingdom, developed old sewer systems based on historical rainfall estimates. The growth of London is also a problem, according to Dr. Veronica Edmonds-Brown of the University of Hertfordshire, because the city’s Victorian-era drainage system “cannot cope with the tremendous rise in population.”
- According to the article, what is a result of climate change?
- What occurs when the amount of water is too much for the drains and sewers to handle?
- What can be harmed by floods?
- What happened in New York City in July?
- Who is the president of the city’s transportation authority?
- Was there a time you experienced flooding in your area? Could you tell me more about it?
- When was the last time it rained so hard in your area?
- If you had the power to do something about flooding, how would you address this problem?
- Do you agree with the idea that the abundance of hard surfaces in urban areas makes flooding worse?
- In your opinion, will flood control infrastructure work in urban areas? Why do you think so?