Many artifacts like Greek ceramics and 2,400-year-old fruit baskets were discovered under the sunken city of Thonis-Heracleion.

Together with the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities of Egypt, French marine archaeologist Franck Goddio led the mission in discovering the sunken boats. Surprisingly, these boats still contain doum nuts (fruits of an African palm tree) and grape seeds. Goddio believed that these fruits might have been kept as offerings for the dead. Not far away, the team also found a burial hill (also called tumulus), and a huge collectionof Greek memorial pieces. “Nothing was disturbed,” Goddio explained.

Ancient pottery, bronze pieces, and figurines showing the Egyptian god Osiris (also called Usir), were also found around the burial hill. According to the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology (IEASM), the discovery “beautifully illustrates the presence of Greek merchants and mercenaries who lived in Thonis-Heracleion, the city that controlled the entrance to Egypt at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the Nile.”