- scrutinize /SKROOT-n-ahyz /
- phase out /FEYZ-out/
- dispose of /dih-SPOHZ ov/
- kidney /KID-nee/
- defect /DEE-fekt/
[verb] – to examine something very carefully in order to discover information
He scrutinized the men’s faces closely, attempting to figure out who was lying.
[verb phrase] – to remove or stop using something gradually or in stages
The planes will be phased out by the end of the year, according to the airline.
[verb phrase] – to get rid of someone or something or deal with something so that the matter is finished
He no longer rides the bike, but he’s very reluctant to dispose of it.
[noun] – either of a pair of small organs in the body that takes away waste matter from the blood to produce urine
She was in need of a blood transfusion due to kidney failure.
[noun] – a fault or problem in something or someone that spoils that thing or person or causes it, him, or her not to work correctly
There are so many defects in our new product.
Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a large group of compounds. These fluorine-based compounds number in the thousands. They’ve been discovered in drinking water, dust, and even the human bloodstream, earning them the name “forever chemicals.” PFAS is probably present in your house and body. Health problems can be especially severe in areas of land where PFAS are disposed of or frequently used, as illustrated in the 2019 film Dark Waters. These compounds have been associated with health problems such as liver damage, kidney cancer, and birth defects, and can be found in a wide range of products, from food packaging to cosmetics and furnishings.
On the other hand, consumer pressure hasn’t been enough to cause a significant shift away from PFAS. After all, according to Jonatan Kleimark, a senior chemistry and business advisor at ChemSec, a Swedish non-profit group pushing for safer chemical use, understanding labels and the names of chemical compounds is practically impossible for the typical individual. “It’s a really complex subject for an ordinary consumer, and it’s something that’s usually not communicated around,” Dr. Kleimark explains.
- Do you use nonstick frying pans at home? Why or why not?
- What kinds of chemicals are harmful to our bodies? Please explain your answer.
- If you had the authority, would you phase out these harmful chemicals? Why or why not?
- Should you be worried about PFAS?
- In your opinion, how can we address this issue?
- puzzle (verb)