Constitution Day, also known as “Kenpo kinenb” in Japan, is a public holiday that falls during Golden Week. On May 3rd, 1947, Japan’s Constitution came into effect. The date has been designated as a national holiday to remember the event. Many newspapers and publications in Japan write pieces concerning the government on this day.

Following the Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bombings, Japan’s constitution was modified to stress peace and pacifism. Unlike the Meiji Constitution that it replaced, the current Constitution proclaims that the people have sovereignty and that the Emperor is “the symbol of the state and the unity of the people.” Individuals have basic human rights, according to the treaty, and they resist war.

Japan’s democratic transition is commemorated on Constitution Memorial Day. It’s also pacifists’ day, when they commemorate the constitution’s “guarantee” of permanent peace, which declares Japan’s neutrality for all time. This is also one of Japan’s most historically and culturally significant days. It’s a prominent feature of “Golden Week,” which takes place in late April and early May and consists of four important Japanese festivals.