Larger plastics entering the ocean could end up in one of two ways: they can float on the surface or they can sink due to biofouling.

Macroplastics (5 mm) will break down and into smaller plastics, posing a threat to marine life if they are not removed by clean-up activities. Before they become entangled, eaten, exported, and/or completely destroyed, finding bigger floating plastics in coastal waters may make it possible to collect important information about sources, paths, and trends. Computer technology is being used by scientists to map and recognize marine plastic pollution. Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML) is taking photographs of various trash types with a camera installed on a boat. According to the reports, plastic bottles or bags may be identified with 68% accuracy. Plastic garbage is one of the reasons for the global pollution crisis.

Plastic pollution is a global issue. Thanks to artificial intelligence, we can now identify floating plastic patches in the ocean. The method may someday be used by environmental experts to control and check ocean plastic garbage more effectively.