- In your opinion, what age is ideal for literacy development?
- What was your favorite book when you were younger? Could you tell me about it?
- crucial /KROO-shuhl/
- increasingly /in-KREE-sing-lee/
- formal /FAWR-muhl/
- apparent /uh-PAIR-uhnt/
- slow down /sloh doun/
[adjective] – extremely important or necessary
He wasn’t there at the crucial moment.
[adverb] – more and more
The pain has become increasingly frequent.
[adjective] – Formal education or training is received in a school or college
She had little formal education.
[adjective] – able to be seen or understood
Her unhappiness was apparent to everyone.
[phrasal verb] – to move slower, or to cause someone or something to move slower
You have to slow down your car at the crossing.
Since early exposure to language is seen as crucial to a child’s success in the future, it is increasingly common for preschools to begin teaching children fundamental literacy skills even before they begin formal education. Not everybody likes to leave early. In some countries, formal education starts around the age of six. Children begin school in Finland at age seven, which is known for having the best-structured education system in the world. Despite this apparent difference, at the age of 15, Finnish students do better in reading comprehension than their US and UK counterparts. The Finnish kindergarten years are more play-focused and do not include any formal academic instruction. According to a 2009 University of Cambridge review that followed this model, enrolling five-year-olds in school too early could undermine their self-esteem and harm their ability to learn in the long run.
A 2002 study found that more dynamic, child-initiated early learning experiences appear to have boosted children’s ultimate academic success and that too-regimented learning may have slowed down growth. According to the study’s findings, pushing children too early can backfire when they enter the later primary school years.
- How old are children taught in several nations?
- How old are children when they start formal education in some nations like Japan?
- Which country is known for having the best-structured education system in the world?
- What are the Finnish kindergarten years focused on?
- What was found in the 2002 study?
- How did you learn how to read and write? Could you tell me about it?
- How old are children when they start formal education in your country?
- Would you let your child start learning how to read and write at 7 years old? Why or why not?
- Do you agree that we should start teaching kids basic literacy skills even before they start formal education?
- What do you think of the education system in Finland? Please elaborate on your answer.