Cutting down trees from forests to make room for farms or buildings and human activity have destroyed the living spaces of Asian elephants. Since 1700, their habitat has decreased by 3.3 million square kilometers, causing a loss of over 64% of the suitable habitat for these endangered animals found in 13 Asian countries. This loss of habitat has led to more tension between humans and elephants. In China, 94% of their habitat has been lost, while India has lost 86%. Over half of the elephant habitats in Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia’s Sumatra have also disappeared.

This habitat loss began during European colonization in the 1700s, when the government implemented new ideas, regulations, and finances that affected Asia’s forests. This has forced elephants to migrate, causing challenges for communities with little experience with the species. To help the current elephant populations survive, it’s important to establish areas of suitable habitat instead of driving them into ever-smaller areas. Proper planning can prevent conflict between humans and elephants. People, governments, and organizations must protect endangered species habitats.