Scientists, led by Yitong Xia from China Agricultural University, discovered a crucial method to help plants grow on the moon. They introduced special bacteria to lunar soil to improve its ability to support plant growth, aiming to create sustainable moon bases with a reliable food source. Traditional crops face challenges in lunar soil, making this innovative method essential. Lab tests on simulated lunar soil revealed that treated soil enhanced plant growth, suggesting the potential for cultivating plants in future lunar colonies and creating soil suitable for lunar greenhouse agriculture.

Yitong Xia stressed the bacteria’s importance, clarifying its role in improving lunar soil for plants. By reducing acidity, the bacteria aid in releasing vital nutrients like phosphorus, essential for plant growth. This transformation could make the lunar regolith suitable for plants, securing a stable food source for future moon settlements. A Reuters report underscored the significance of adapting lunar soil for agriculture, potentially enabling prolonged human habitation on the moon by ensuring a reliable food source and establishing the groundwork for sustainable long-term agriculture.