Scientists from the University of Bern, Switzerland, made an astonishing discovery in southern Spain, uncovering the secrets of ancient people who lived in the Cueva de los Marmoles near Granada between 5,000 BC and 2,000 BC. Initially, these people were buried, but their bones were later repurposed as tools, shedding light on our ancient history. The study reveals post-mortem changes in these ancient bones, such as fractures and scrapes, suggesting possible use as tools or for rituals, though the exact reasons remain a mystery.

Some call these head bones “skull cups,” but we’re uncertain about their purpose since no written stories exist. This discovery parallels findings in nearby caves dating back to around 4,000 BC, revealing ancient burial customs. While the reasons remain a mystery, it might have been a way to remember the past and build a stronger community. Interestingly, these bone changes were made by people who knew the deceased when they were alive. Cueva de los Marmoles is a crucial site in this region’s history, providing insights into our past.