- chronic /KRON-ik/
- occurrence /uh-KUR-uhns/
- duration /doo-REY-shuhn/
- medication /med-i-KEY-shuhn/
- associate /uh-SOH-shee-eyt/
[adjective] (especially of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world.
[noun] something that happens
He can’t comprehend the occurrence of bad things that are happening to his company.
[noun] the length of time that something lasts
The probationary period of an employee is of six-month duration.
[noun] any substance used to treat an illness or disease, esp. a drug
She already stopped taking her medications even if she is still sick.
[verb] to connect something in your mind with something else
She believes that crying is associated with healing and comfort.
Tianyi Huang, the corresponding study author said, “Many previous studies have shown the link between insufficient sleep and a higher risk of obesity, diabetes, and other metabolic disorders.” In the survey, the participants with the highest discrepancy in their bedtime and total sleep time were probably the ones to acquire metabolic defects in the future. The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP/ATP III) reported the risk factors that cause metabolic syndromes. It includes: equal or greater than 40.2 inches waistline for male and 34.6 inches waistline for female; more than 150 milligrams per deciliter level of blood fat; under 40 mg/dl level of high cholesterol for men and 50 mg/dl for women; and if you are given medications for high blood pressure and diabetes. While it was still not proven, the authors agreed that metabolic disorders were associated with irregular sleep patterns. The study co-author, Susan Redline, concluded, “Our results suggest that maintaining a regular sleep schedule has beneficial metabolic effects.”
True or False:
- Based on the article, metabolic syndrome is a condition that leads to incurable diseases such as diabetes, stroke and heart failure.
- NCEP/ATP III stands for National Chronic Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III.
- According to the article, inconsistent sleep patterns can help people prevent metabolic disorders.
- Diabetes Care is a health institution.
- In the article, the researchers found out that 72% risk of metabolic aspects can occur for every 1 hour discrepancy of sleep duration every day.
- Do you agree that a regular sleep schedule can prevent metabolic diseases? Why or why not?
- What do you think are the other aspects that might increase the risks of having metabolic syndromes aside from irregular sleep patterns? Cite your answers.
- What do you think are the other disadvantages of having irregular sleep patterns?
- Do you think metabolic disorders can be hereditary? Why or why not?
- In Japan, what is the most common chronic disorder and why?
Express Your Opinion:
- “Disease is the biggest money maker in our economy.” ― John H. Tobe
- “Dreaming permits each and every one of us to be quietly and safely insane every night.” ― Charles Fisher
- “Eat healthily, sleep well, breathe deeply, move harmoniously.” ― Jean-Pierre Barral