- all-time /AWL-tahym/
- prevalence /PREV-uh-luhns/
- account for (something) /uh-KOUNT fawr/
- uptake /UHP-teyk/
- vulnerable /VUHL-ner-uh-buhl/
[adjective] – the highest, lowest, or best that something has ever been
The water in the lake had reached an all-time low.
[noun] – the fact that something is very common or happens often
Doctors are seeing an increase in the prevalence of obesity.
[phrasal verb] – to form the total of something
Females account for the 75% of users on the app.
[noun] – the rate or act of accepting something
There is an 80% uptake of vaccination in India.
[adjective] – able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced, or attacked
Obese people are vulnerable to several diseases.
The research analyzed trends in 204 countries as part of the Global Burden of Disease study, which studies health issues that affect mortality and disability at national, regional, and worldwide levels. The findings showed that half of all countries had made little progress in reducing uptake among 15- to 24-year-olds, and the average age at which someone began smoking was 19 years old. According to the study’s authors, governments should focus on reducing the number of smokers among young people since 89% of new smokers become addicted by 25 years old but are unlikely to start beyond that age. “Young people are particularly vulnerable to addiction, and with high rates of cessation remaining elusive worldwide, the tobacco epidemic will continue for years to come unless countries can dramatically reduce the number of new smokers starting each year,” said Marissa Reitsma, the study’s lead author, a researcher at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
- What is the significance of the findings in this research?
- Why are smokers mostly young people?
- Why is it important for the government to focus on younger smokers?
- Should the production and sale of tobacco products be made illegal? Why or why not?
- What smoking restrictions should be imposed in public places?