Israel’s government claims that it will reduce carbon emissions by 85 percent by the middle of the century compared to 2015. According to the country’s prime minister, the decision will help the country transition to a low-carbon economy. The vast majority of emissions from transportation, the electrical industry, and municipal waste are all targeted. On the other hand, critics desire more ambitious renewable energy goals and stronger economic incentives for change. The planet has warmed by around 1.2 degrees Celsius since the beginning of the industrial period, and temperatures will continue to climb unless governments around the world dramatically cut emissions.

On the other hand, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett said the decision would result in a “clean, efficient, and competitive economy” and put Israel at the forefront of the fight against climate change. Israel’s objectives matched those of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, a legally binding international climate agreement approved by over 200 countries. It aims to keep global temperatures below 2.0°C over pre-industrial levels, preferably below 1.5°C. The Paris Climate Agreement was signed by Israel. It has set a short-term goal of a 27 percent reduction in emissions by 2030.