Lockdowns resulted in a decrease in retail sales, which swiftly returned once markets were reopened. Hundreds of container ships are now awaiting entry to overloaded ports throughout the world, mainly in the United States and China. Furthermore, truck driver shortages in Europe and the United States make it more difficult to transfer containers to their final destinations after they arrive on land.

Travel jam has worsened by port closures caused by Covid-19 outbreaks. Containers abandoned on docks for months have become commonplace. Furthermore, container prices have skyrocketed. According to George Griffiths, editor of global container markets at S&P Global Platts, sending a 40ft container from Asia to Europe costs $17,500 (£12,650), which is more than ten times the cost a year ago.

He goes on to say that certain shipping companies are already charging premium rates to ensure delivery within a few weeks and that importers are competing against one another to secure containers ahead of their competitors. In reaction to shortages, several large corporations have begun to acquire containers and rent ships.