- fragrant /FREY-gruhnt/
- shield /sheeld/
- viable /VAHY-uh-buhl/
- enterprise /EN-ter-prahyz/
- workshop /WURK-shop/
[adjective] – with a pleasant smell
She perfumed her bath with fragrant oils.
[verb] – to protect someone or something
She shielded her eyes from the sun by holding her hand above them.
[adjective] – able to work as intended or able to succeed
I am afraid your plan is not viable.
[noun] – an organization, especially a business, or a difficult and important plan, especially one that will earn money
It is a government-backed enterprise.
[noun] – a meeting in which people discuss and show how to do a job or perform an activity, so that everyone can learn:
This workshop helps young unemployed people in my city.
A significantly different environment develops in the provinces of Segovia, Vila, and Valladolid. A thick, 400,000-hectare protected forest of fragrant resin pines reaches up into the hilly folds between the Tierra de Pinares and Sierra de Gredos mountain ranges. This forested area, shielded from the intense Spanish sun and laced with pathways, is a popular hiking destination for residents and visitors alike. If you go at the correct time of year, you could notice workers squatted next to the tree trunks, carrying on a centuries-old tradition of gathering the pine’s “liquid gold.” Various cultures have employed pine resin for thousands of years. It was used to waterproof ships, cure burns, and ignite torches in Spain and much of the Mediterranean, among other things.
In the mid-nineteenth century, technology and industry helped transform the thick, viable, milky sap into plastics, varnishes, glues, tires, rubber, turpentine, and even food additives. Workers across the region began hacking into the bark of resin pine trees to obtain the rich sap. Blanca Rodríguez-Chaves, the vice dean of the faculty of law at the Autonomous University of Madrid and an expert in environmental policies, believes that by recruiting more young people to live and work in these rural communities, the region’s ecotourism will grow, with more enterprises giving guided forest hikes and local museums holding resin workshops.
- What thing do you know that has commercial value? Could you tell me more about it?
- Do you like hiking? Why or why not?
- If you could, would you like to have a company that offers liquid gold as your primary product? Why or why not?
- Do you believe with Blanca Rodríguez-Chaves’s statement?
- What do you think of Blanca Rodríguez-Chaves’s opinion? Please elaborate on your answer.