This public holiday is part of Golden Week and is also known as Constitution Day and “Kenpo kinenbi” in Japan. Japan’s Constitution took effect on May 3rd, 1947. To commemorate the occurrence, the date has been recognized as a national holiday. On this day, many newspapers and magazines publish articles about Japan’s government. The National Diet Building in Tokyo, where the constitution was formed, will also be open to the public for one day only.

Following the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan’s constitution was changed to emphasize peace and pacifism. The present Constitution, unlike the Meiji Constitution it replaced, declares that the people have sovereignty and that the Emperor is “the symbol of the state and the unity of the people.” Individuals have basic human rights, and they resist war, according to the document. It’s a highly democratic text that’s based on the US and British constitutions.

Constitution Memorial Day is dedicated to commemorating Japan’s democratic transition. It’s also pacifists’ day to remember the constitution’s “guarantee” of perpetual peace, which declares Japan to be forever neutral. This is also one of Japan’s most significant historical and cultural days. It’s a big part of “Golden Week,” a collection of four major Japanese festivities held in late April and early May.