- draft /draft/
- amend /uh-MEND/
- unity /YOO-ni-tee/
- transition /tran-ZISH-uhn/
- pacifist /PAS-uh-fist/
[verb] – to write the first version of a document such as a letter, essay, or law, which may have details added, changed, or corrected later
She assisted me to draft a complaint letter.
[verb] – to change the words of a text, especially a law or a legal document
Congress may amend the proposed tax bill.
[noun] – the state of being joined together or in agreement
Despite its public display of unity, the royal family, like any other, had its share of conflicts.
[noun] – a change from one form or type to another, or the process by which this happens
The healthcare system is currently undergoing transition.
[noun] – someone who believes in pacifism
Addams declared herself a pacifist and spoke out against World War I.
Japan’s constitution was amended after the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, emphasizing peace and pacifism. Unlike the Meiji Constitution that it replaced, the current Constitution proclaims that the people have sovereignty; the Emperor is “the symbol of the state and the unity of the people”. It states that individuals have basic human rights and that they oppose conflict. It’s an extremely democratic document, modeled after the US and British constitutions.
The main purpose of Constitution Memorial Day is to commemorate Japan’s democratic transition. It is also a day when pacifists commemorate the constitution’s “guarantee” of permanent peace, which declares Japan to be perpetually neutral. This is also one of the most important days in Japan’s history and culture. It is an important part of “Golden Week,” a set of four significant Japanese festivals that takes place in late April and early May.
- Among the holidays in the Golden Week, which is your favorite? Why?
- What do you do on Constitution Day in Japan?
- If you were to celebrate Constitution Memorial Day in any way possible, how would you celebrate it? Why?
- Are you a pacifist?
- How would you compare today’s era to the previous ones?