- founder /FOUN-der/
- reconstruction /ree-kuhn-STRUHK-shuhn/
- residence /REZ-i-duhns /
- withstand /with-STAND/
- intense /in-TENS/
[noun] – someone who establishes an organization
She is the founder and manager of the business.
[noun] – the process of building or creating something again that has been damaged or destroyed
The reconstruction of the building must begin tomorrow.
[noun] – a home
This is the president’s official residence.
[verb] – to be strong enough, or not be changed by something, or to oppose a person or thing successfully
The building is designed to withstand earthquakes.
[adjective] – extreme
She stood in the intense heat outside.
Mud towers climb high into the sky in Yemen’s historic walled capital of Sana’a. The towering structures are covered in eye-catching geometric designs and made entirely of rammed earth. The ochre-colored mountains in the area mix in with the clay structures. The city of Sana’a has been designated as a Unesco World Heritage Site because of its distinctive mud architecture. Even though Sana’a’s structures date back thousands of years, Salma Samar Damluji, co-founder of the Daw’an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation in Yemen and author of The Architecture of Yemen and its Reconstruction, describes them as “terribly contemporary.” The majority of the historic buildings are still used as private residences today. These mud structures have not lost their attraction because they are incredibly flexible for modern use, well-insulated, and sustainable. It is the future’s architecture, claims Damluji.
Architects around the world are reviving raw-earth construction as they seek to construct sustainable buildings that can withstand extreme weather events such as flash floods and intense heat. Could this ancient form of architecture influence the design of our future homes and cities? Could this back-to-basics technique provide an important solution to the climate crisis?
- What is your house made of? Could you tell me about it?
- How do you keep yourself cool in the summer? Please elaborate on your answer.
- Would you like to live in a house made of mud? Why or why not?
- Do you believe that the back-to-basics technique will provide an important solution to the climate crisis?
- In your opinion, what disadvantage does a mud house have?