- knowledgeable /NOL-i-juh-buhl/
- phenomenon /fi-NOM-uh-non/
- illusion /ih-LOO-zhuhn/
- toddler /TOD-ler/
- exaggerate /ig-ZAJ-uh-reyt /
[adjective] – knowing a lot
She’s very knowledgeable about art.
[noun] – something that exists and can be seen, felt, tasted, etc., especially something unusual or interesting
A rainbow is a natural phenomenon.
[noun] – an idea or belief that is not true
They were under the illusion that the company was doing well.
[noun] – a young child, especially one who is learning or has recently learned to walk
The toddler tried to walk but kept falling down.
[verb] – to make something seem larger, more important, better, or worse than it really is
Do not exaggerate the price; it wasn’t that high.
If you believe yourself to be somewhat intelligent and educated, you might assume that you have a good understanding of the fundamental principles governing the world, including knowledge of the common inventions and phenomena that exist all around us. Consider the following questions right now: How do rainbows form? Why is it that gloomy days might be colder than sunny ones? How are helicopters able to fly? Then, ask yourself if you could respond to any or all of these queries in detail. Or do you merely have a general idea of what’s going on in each situation? If you are like the majority of volunteers in psychological studies, you could have had high expectations for your performance at first. However, most people are absolutely baffled when asked to provide a nuanced response to each issue, just as you could be. An “illusion of knowledge” is the name given to this prejudice. You might assume that these particular examples are unimportant because they are the kinds of questions that a curious toddler might ask you, but knowledge illusions can impair our judgment in a variety of ways. In the workplace, for example, it may lead us to exaggerate our expertise during interviews and take on tasks for which we are completely unqualified.
Many of us live our lives fully unaware of this intellectual conceit and its repercussions. The good news is that some psychologists contend there might be some deceptively straightforward strategies for avoiding this prevalent thought trap.
- Can you explain in detail the given questions in the article? If so, could you please elaborate on your answer? If not, what idea do you have a good understanding of?
- Do you exaggerate things? Why or why not?
- If you wished to have knowledge about something, what would it be? Why?
- Do you believe that some people exaggerate their expertise during interviews?
- What can you say about people who are arrogant? Please elaborate on your answer.