- adverse /ad-VURS/
- scholar /SKOL-er/
- advocate /AD-vuh-keyt/
- scrutiny /SKROOT-n-ee /
- consumption /kuhn-SUHMP-shuhn /
[adjective] – having a negative or harmful effect on something
He has a shellfish allergy, which is why clams and mussels give him adverse reactions like swelling and nausea.
[noun] – a person who studies a subject in great detail, especially at a university
The researcher was a respected scholar of medicine.
[verb] – to publicly support or suggest an idea, development, or way of doing something
He plants trees and leads clean-up drives because he advocates for a better environment.
[noun] – the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it
The evidence he presented will undergo scrutiny.
[noun] – the act of using, eating, or drinking something
The family is low on supplies, so they cut their consumption of non-essential items.
“What are added sugars?” Well, added sugars include table sugar, sweeteners, those that naturally occur in honey, juice, and syrups, as well as those added during food processing, which are commonly referred to as “free sugars” or “added sugars.” Studies have shown evidence that links these types of sugars to several diseases. For instance, too much consumption of free sugars leads to obesity, which is a high-risk factor for different kinds of cancer. Coincidentally, these sugars can be found in highly processed foods, which have also been found to increase inflammation. Unfortunately, inflammation in the body stresses the heart and blood vessels, which then leads to high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Because of these studies, the amount of added sugar intake is now suggested to be just about 6 teaspoons a day.
To help people improve their sugar intake, health experts suggest being mindful of what they eat, choosing to drink water over flavored beverages, opting for fresh fruits instead of processed desserts, going for home-cooked meals instead of fast food, and educating oneself about sugar intake, especially about better alternatives.
- Based on your knowledge, which foods contain added sugar?
- Based on your understanding, what are the adverse effects of free sugar on the body?
- Do you agree that people should cut their daily added sugar intake?
- In your opinion, why do you think some people consume too much sugar?
- Do you think being well educated about what they eat can help people reduce their sugar intake? Why or why not?