The switch to electric vehicles in Western countries is expected to lead to more used cars being sent to ports in West Africa. This practice transfers climate and environmental problems to weak nations and makes it harder for them to reduce pollution. West Africa gets gas-guzzling cars from wealthy countries like the US, Japan, South Korea, and Europe. Benin is a major importer of used cars in Africa.

Limited access to credit and affordability drive the demand for used cars in African countries. This demand is expected to increase as the West switches to electric vehicles, creating a surplus of used cars available for export. However, the quality of these vehicles often declines because older and more polluting models are sold. Weak regulations on emissions and safety in West Africa allow environmentally harmful and unsafe cars to enter the region. While there have been discussions about regulating the export of old or junk cars to developing nations, no solid commitments have been made yet. Transitioning to electric vehicles could be a solution, but significant improvements in charging infrastructure are needed.