Europe has made new laws to create clear rules and guidelines for AI systems. Proposed by the European Commission, the goal of this law is to balance encouraging innovation with considering ethics and protecting people’s rights and safety.

One important part of these laws is how they manage risks. AI systems are put into different risk groups based on how they could affect people and their rights. Applications in critical areas like healthcare, law enforcement, and infrastructure have strict rules to follow. They must be transparent, have human oversight, and handle data well. This is to make sure people can trust AI and that it is used responsibly. Another important part is protecting people’s rights. The laws stop AI systems from manipulating people or using secret methods to take advantage of them. People should know when they are interacting with AI, so there are rules for transparency. This helps prevent hidden manipulation or discrimination. The laws also cover biometric identification systems to protect privacy and make sure they are used fairly and openly. The AI Act will shape its development towards a more responsible and human-centric approach.