Japan is facing a big problem with its population getting smaller. Last year, over 800,000 people left, making it the 14th year of decline. Everywhere in Japan, except Tokyo, had fewer Japanese people. The main reason is that Japanese women are having fewer babies—only about 1.3 children each. This means not enough babies are being born to replace the people who die, so the population is shrinking.

Japan is trying to get more foreigners to live and work there. But because of COVID-19, it has been hard to do this, with borders closed and lockdowns. To meet its economic goals, Japan might need four times more foreign workers by 2040. But to make this happen, Japan needs to be more welcoming to migrants and accepting of foreigners. This population problem is also happening in other East Asian countries like China, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan. They need to encourage more people to have children despite high living costs and social issues. Solving this problem is important for the future of these countries.