Prime Minister Kishida raised Japan’s minimum wage to ¥1,000 in 2023, meeting the government’s goal. He aims for ¥1,500 by the mid-2030s. Experts say more than setting a higher goal is needed for better wages. Shunsuke Kobayashi, a top economist, says removing barriers is crucial. For example, the ‘¥1.3 million barrier’ affects spouses in small companies. If they earn more, they pay more for insurance, leaving less money. Many work less to stay below this limit. Part-time workers make more per hour but work fewer hours overall. This shows the need to remove discouraging things. Reaching ¥1,500 by the mid-2030s is a big challenge. Wages need to go up by about 3.4% each year—an ambitious goal. With an uncertain economy, a flexible target might be smarter. This allows for talks between workers and bosses.