Australia is pioneering a major trial of gene-edited wheat, aiming to make it produce more food. This new wheat is grown using a high-tech method called gene editing, which changes the plant’s genes without adding foreign DNA, unlike genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Supporters say this technology can make crops healthier and stronger, needing less water and chemicals. Gene editing is seen as safer than GMOs by many experts and allows multiple gene changes at once.

InterGrain, an Australian company, is testing thousands of wheat seeds from a U.S. firm called Inari to see if they can improve crop yield. These seeds, with many new genetic variations, are growing in a greenhouse in southeast Queensland. If successful, more trials will happen across Australia in 2025 to find the best gene combinations for bigger harvests. The leader of InterGrain says this work is not just about making more wheat but also about solving big global problems like food shortages and climate change. Advanced tools like artificial intelligence and CRISPR-Cas are being used to speed up progress, which could change the way food is grown. This initiative is significant because it could lead to wheat plants that produce up to 10% more food and are more resistant to diseases. It could also mean farmers need to use fewer chemicals, which is better for the environment. Experts believe this technology could revolutionize farming and help address challenges like feeding a growing population and protecting the planet.