The World Bank has revised its 2024 global economic growth forecast upward to 2.6%, up from an earlier 2.4%, similar to last year’s rate. Despite this improvement, growth remains historically slow. Low-income nations struggle with high debt and interest rates. Trade barriers and conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza add further challenges. The stronger growth outlook is driven by robust performance in the United States, projected at 2.5% for 2024, up from a previous estimate of 1.6%. High interest rates persist to curb inflation, which, though lower, remains a concern, suggesting prolonged rate hikes may slow growth.

Emerging markets and developing countries are projected to grow at 4% this year, a slight decrease from last year. China is experiencing economic challenges, with growth expected to slow to 4.8%. Other regions, such as Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa, also face slower growth. In Europe, growth in the eurozone is expected to remain weak due to the effects of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Japan’s economy is also forecast to slow down because of weak consumer spending and exports. Global trade growth is anticipated to be minimal, which could further hinder economic expansion. The World Bank stresses the importance of international cooperation to address these trade issues, rather than increasing barriers.