- introspection /in-truh-SPEK-shuhn/
- acumen /uh-KYOO-muhn/
- rumination /ROO-muh-ney-shun/
- rhetorical /ri-TAWR-i-kuhl/
- dispassionately /dis-PASH-uh-nit-lee/
[noun] examination of and attention to your own ideas, thoughts, and feelings
My mother always told me that too much introspection may lead to depression.
[noun] skill in making correct decisions and judgments in a particular subject
Apart from his great works of art, his political acumen is very noticeable.
[noun] the act of thinking carefully and for a long period about something
Sometimes, rumination is not good for mental and physical health.
[adjective] rhetorical speech or writing is intended to seem important or influence people
When I was a student, my favorite English topic was about rhetorical devices.
[adverb] able to think clearly or make good decisions because of not being influenced by emotions
I can make decisions more dispassionately in a quiet and cozy environment.
A new research has shown that a simple rumination often results in defective decision making. The more people work under pressure, the higher the risks of depression. Thus, the researchers suggested that people should adopt an old rhetorical way supported by Julius Caesar known as illeism, the act of referring to oneself in third-person instead of first-person.
After a series of experiments, Ethan Kross, a psychologist, found out that the way people do inner monologues has an effect on their success in life. If a person talks to himself with the pronoun “I”, that person is more likely to perform poorly. On the contrary, addressing oneself by his or her name has more chances of accomplishing tasks. Researchers think that this kind of third-person thinking can actually improve decision making.
For instance, adopting a third-person perspective while arguing with someone might help you understand the root of the problem. If you are planning to change your career, considering the distanced perspective could help you weigh up the advantages and the risks of the decision more dispassionately.
Indeed, humans are actually capable of making wiser reasonings and better decision making. In case you feel indecisive, try talking to yourself in the third person and who knows, you might get surprised by the result.
- Who is the philosopher mentioned in the article?
- In the article, what results in defective decision making?
- Who supported illeism?
- Based on the article, what happens if a person talks to himself using the pronoun “I”?
- In the article, how could a person weigh up the advantages and the risks of a decision more carefully
- What is your opinion on the article?
- Would you adopt the same method when making decisions? Why or why not?
- Do you agree that humans are capable of making wiser decisions? If yes, why do you think people still commit mistakes? If no, why not?
- When do you usually contemplate life? Please explain your answer.
- What do you usually consider before making decisions? Please explain your answer.