- odds/odz /
- cycle /SAHY-kuhl/
[noun] – the probability (= how likely it is) that a particular thing will or will not happen
The odds are heavily against him .
[noun] – a regular period of time during which an activity, job, etc. is done
The team worked to shorten product-development cycles and boost productivity.
[adjective] – involving little exercise or physical activity
The doctor said that he should start playing sports because his lifestyle is too sedentary.
[adjective] – connected with thinking or conscious mental processes
Her patient’s cognitive functions have been impaired.
[adjective] – causing harm or damage
Those harmful chemicals have a detrimental impact on the environment.
“These findings suggest that within typical urban communities in the United States, higher levels of noise may impact the brains of older adults and make it harder for them to function without assistance”, said the study’s senior author Sara D. Adar of University of Michigan School of Public Health. “This is an important finding since millions of Americans are currently impacted by high levels of noise in their communities”, Adar added. In a 2015 study, researchers found that laboratory rats exposed to chronic noise produce more beta-amyloid, a protein which experts believe to play a role in Alzheimer’s disease. Noise exposure can cause detrimental health effects – from disrupted sleep to elevated blood pressure, factors that increase dementia risk. The experts hope that this study would be able to persuade lawmakers to make changes in policies to reduce noise levels.
True or False:
- Older people who live in a noisy environment have a higher chance of acquiring dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
- People who participated the study were aged 60 years and older.
- People with inactive lifestyle have higher odds of getting dementia.
- In a 2020 study, researchers found that laboratory rats exposed to chronic noise produce more protein called beta-amyloid which experts believe to play a role in Alzheimer’s disease.
- Researchers hope that this study would be able to persuade lawmakers to make changes in policies to reduce noise levels.
- What comes to your mind when you hear the word ‘dementia’?
- How significant is this study?
- How can we help people with dementia?
- What care should governments provide for people with dementia?
- How is your memory? Are you good at remembering things?
Express Your Opinion:
- Memory is the diary we all carry about with us. – Oscar Wilde
- Feelings are memories. Memories are also feelings. – Margaret Stohl
- In my life I find that memories of the spirit linger and sweeten long after memories of the brain have faded. – Harry Connick Jr.