© GETTY IMAGES via BBC News
- devastate /DEV-uh-steyt/
- the norm /thuh nawrm/
- alga /AL-guh/
- La Niña /lah NEE-nyah/
- biodiverse /BAI-ow-dai-vurs/
[verb] – to destroy or damage something very badly
The wildfire devastated nearly the entire forest.
[noun] – a situation or type of behavior that is expected and considered to be typical
Online lessons have become the norm in this new generation.
[noun] – a simple, nonflowering, and typically aquatic plant of a large group that includes the seaweeds and many single-celled forms
Algae has covered the surface of the pond.
[noun] – the cooling of the water in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean that happens every few years and that affects the weather in many places
According to the administration, the La Niña may last until spring season this year.
[adjective] – having many different types of animals and plants
Rain forests are some of the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth.
Bleaching occurs when stressed corals expel the algae that give them color and life. They can recover, but only if the circumstances allow it. This bleaching incident that happened in the same year as a La Niña weather phenomenon raises significant concerns. Typically, a La Niña delivers milder weather to Australia. It is the fourth time in six years that such severe and extensive damage has been discovered due to warm sea temperatures. The first mass bleaching episode transpired in 1998 and was detected again in 2002, 2016, 2017, and 2020. The Great Barrier Reef is one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems, stretching over 2,300 kilometers (1,400 miles) off Australia’s northeast coast. If the world’s greatest reef system is to survive, scientists say immediate action on climate change is required.
- Kindly describe the most popular ocean in your country.
- Are the forests or oceans in your country biodiverse? Please tell me more about them.
- If you were a scientist, for how long would you monitor the Great Barrier Reef and why?
- In your opinion, is there a way to prevent coral bleaching from happening?
- Coral bleaching is a result of climate change. What can we do to limit or prevent it?