- visibility /viz-uh-BIL-i-tee/
- drought /drout/
- diminish /dih-MIN-ish/
- upstream /UHP-STREEM/
- intense /in-TENS/
[noun] – how clearly objects can be seen, or how far you can see clearly, usually because of the weather conditions
Fog has severely reduced the visibility in the ocean.
[noun] – a long period when there is little or no rain
Many communities have suffered from food shortages due to drought.
[verb] – to reduce or be reduced in size or importance
The world’s natural resources have been quickly diminishing.
[adjective] – on a river or stream towards its origin
Factories upstream continue to pollute the water.
[adjective] – extreme and forceful or (of a feeling) very strong
Could you buy some ice cream on the way home? The heat is intense!
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) estimated in 2016 that Iraq could have 300 dust episodes every year in the next ten years, up from roughly 120 presently. The most affected countries are Iran and Kuwait, owing to sand and dust blowing in from Syria and Iraq. “One of the main sources of sand and dust storms is Iraq, where the flow of rivers has decreased because of a race in dam constructions in upstream countries,” explains World Meteorology Organisation meteorologist Enric Terradellas. Sand storms have always occurred in the region’s deserts, but scientists believe that unsustainable mining, oil production, agriculture, and intense military conflicts are worsening the problem. Meteorologists note that sand and dust storms are also occurring in new locations, such as regions of Central Asia.
- What meteorological hazards (e.g., sand storms) are common in your country? Please tell me more about them.
- Is the rainfall in your country enough to prevent drought? Please elaborate on your answer.
- If you were in Iraq, how would you make sure you are safe from the sand and dust storms?
- Can humans stop a natural occurrence such as sand storms?
- How can Iraq’s government solve the drought issue?