- uneven /uhn-EE-vuhn/
- republic /ri-PUHB-lik/
- implementation /im-pluh-muhn-TEY-shuhn/
- incentive /in-SEN-tiv/
- surpass /ser-PAS/
[adjective] – not level, equal, flat, or continuous
The distribution of financial resources was uneven.
[noun] – a country without a king or queen, usually governed by elected representatives of the people and a president
Andora is a mountain republic located between France and Spain.
[noun] – the act of starting to use a plan or system
There is a ten-year time frame for the implementation of the new policies.
[noun] – something, especially money, that encourages a person or organization to do something
A little incentive will make the employees work harder.
[verb] – to do or be better or more than something else
It will be hard to surpass this very high score.
At the same time, some of the world’s most developed economies are already experiencing population decline as fertility rates fall below the “replacement rate” of 2.1 children per woman. According to the report, the population will decline by at least 1% in 61 countries by 2050. China has announced that its population will begin to decline next year despite the abandonment of China’s one-child policy in 2016 and the implementation of incentives for couples to have two or more children. As India’s population continues to grow, it will almost certainly surpass China as the world’s most populous country. Fertility rates are falling worldwide, including in many countries where the population is growing. This is because, as previous generations expand, more people have children, even if those people have fewer children than their parents did.
- What is your country’s population? Could you tell me more about it?
- What is the most populous city in your country? Could you describe the city?
- Would you like to live in a populated place? Why or why not?
- Do you agree that people have fewer children than their parents did?
- In your opinion, what are some of the disadvantages of a populated place?